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dc.contributor.author Nkomazana, F.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-03-08T07:12:15Z
dc.date.available 2011-03-08T07:12:15Z
dc.date.issued 1998
dc.identifier.citation Nkomazana, F. (1998) Livingstone’s ideas of Christianity, commerce and civilization, Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1&2, pp. 44-57 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8129
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/734
dc.description.abstract David Livingstone is often misunderstood as being a conscious promoter of European colonization of Africa. On the contrary, he believed that the key to Africa's future was the stimulation of indigenous development and good government. Such 'civilization' could only be achieved by the combination of Christianity with legitimate commerce, to replace the Slave Trade which had been the bane of Africa's development for centuries. This paper traces the roots of Livingstone's belief in the combination of moral and material betterment, derived from his personal origins and the Evangelical and Anti-Slavery movements. It shows how these ideas matured during his mission days among the BaTswana, during which he began to travel north to the Zambezi and beyond. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Botswana, National Institute of Development and Cultural Reseach, http://www.thuto.org/pula/html/pula-home-page.htm en_US
dc.subject David Livingstone en_US
dc.subject Christianity en_US
dc.subject Commerce en_US
dc.subject Civilization en_US
dc.subject Botswana en_US
dc.title Livingstone’s ideas of Christianity, commerce and civilization en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US
dc.link http://archive.lib.msu.edu/DMC/African%20Journals/pdfs/PULA/pula012001/pula012001004.pdf en_US


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