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dc.contributor.author Nnyepi, M.S.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-06T13:44:41Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-06T13:44:41Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Nnyepi, M.S. (2009) The risk of developing malnutrition in people living with HIV/AIDS: observations from six support groups in Botswana, South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 89-94 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0038-2469
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/966
dc.description Some symbols in the abstract may not be the same as in the original abstract. en_US
dc.description.abstract Objectives: The objectives of this study were to 1)to determine the proportion of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at risk of developing malnutrition, 2) to determine the prevalence of malnutrition (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, and 3)to describe the dietary intake and other nutrition parameters of PLWHA with membership in support groups. Design: Descriptive cross-sectionals study. Setting: Six support groups in Gaborone and neighboring locations. Subjects: Consenting, free- living HIV-positive adults 20-50 years of age with membership in support groups PLWHA. Outcome measures: The subjects' risk of developing malnutrition was established using a modified subjective global assessment (SGA)screening tool. Subjects with an SGA score ≥ 4 were classified as being at high risk of developing malnutrition. Results: From 145 PLWHA screened, 47.5% (n=69)were found to be at high risk of developing malnutrition (SGA score ≥ 4) and 28.5%(n=41) were malnourished (BMI <18.5 kg/m2). In the sample with SGA scores ≥ 4, 52.2% (n=35) presented with BMI <18.5 kg/m2. These two groups also reported more unintentional weight loss, gastrointestinal symptoms, and other conditions commonly associated with a high risk of developing malnutrition. PLWHA with membership in support groups also had low educational attainment and high unemployment rates. A total of 47% of subjects with an SGA score ≥ 4 needed food assistance. Conclusions: Almost 50% of PLWHA with membership in support groups for PLWHA are at risk of developing malnutrition, while about 30% have a BMI <18.5 kg/m2. Nutrition screening can also help to identify those PLWHA with BMI>18.5 kg/m2 who are still at high risk of developing malnutrition. Timely nutrition interventions can therefore be instituted in order to prevent deterioration in nutritional status. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Medpharm Publications (Pty) Ltd., http://www.medpharm.co.za en_US
dc.subject Malnutrition en_US
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject Botswana en_US
dc.title The risk of developing malnutrition in people living with HIV/AIDS: observations from six support groups in Botswana en_US
dc.title.alternative Malnutrition in support groups of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA): a case in Botswana en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US
dc.link http://www.sajcn.co.za/index.php/SAJCN/article/view/248 en_US


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