Show simple item record Makgala, C.J. 2010-08-24T12:12:39Z 2010-08-24T12:12:39Z 2009
dc.identifier.citation Makgala, C. J. (2009) History and perceptions of regionalism in Botswana, 1891 – 2005, Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 225 – 242 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0258-9001 (Print)
dc.identifier.issn 1469-9397 (Online)
dc.description.abstract Although economic, political, ethnic and religious factors have led to regionalisms and other divides, causing civil strife and civil wars in many countries, in Botswana the north-south divide existed for a long time merely as a political undercurrent. However, the turn of the twenty-first century saw the explosion of issues motivated by perceptions that it was the north-south divide that caused imbalance in the provision of infrastructural development and ethnic inequality. This article traces the north south divide in Botswana back to the early British colonial enterprise, when it was used for administrative convenience. Although in the post-colony the first president handled the situation pro-actively, his successors abandoned this approach. Regionalism ensued as personal ambitions for power and wealth took political and sometimes tribal dimensions. Ethnic identities were used to bolster campaigns despite the fact that identities in Botswana are multiple and multilayered rather than mutually exclusive. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Routledge, en_US
dc.subject North-south regionalism en_US
dc.subject Ethnic identities en_US
dc.subject Undercurrents en_US
dc.subject Infrastructural development en_US
dc.subject 'Minority' tribes en_US
dc.title History and perceptions of regionalism in Botswana, 1891 – 2005 en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


Advanced Search


My Account