Show simple item record Kamwendo, G.H. 2010-06-21T10:45:58Z 2010-06-21T10:45:58Z 2008-09
dc.identifier.citation Kamwendo, G.H. (2008) The bumpy road to mother tongue instruction in Malawi, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 353-363 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0143-4632
dc.description.abstract In 1996, the Ministry of Education in Malawi directed that in future Standards 1 to 4 would be taught through mother tongues. It took eight years before the pilot phase of the language policy could begin. The paper critically analyses this situation using Bamgbose's framework which says that, in Africa, language policies tend to follow one or more of the following patterns: avoidance, vagueness, arbitrariness, fluctuation, and declaration without implementation. The paper explains why the implementation of Malawi's mother tongue instruction policy has been a slow journey on a bumpy road. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Routledge. en_US
dc.subject Arbitrariness en_US
dc.subject Avoidance en_US
dc.subject Declaration without implementation en_US
dc.subject Fluctuation en_US
dc.subject Language policy en_US
dc.subject Vagueness en_US
dc.title The bumpy road to mother tongue instruction in Malawi en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US

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