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dc.contributor.author Swatuk, L.A.
dc.contributor.author Kgomotso, P.K.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-09T13:25:16Z
dc.date.available 2010-06-09T13:25:16Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation Swatuk, L.A. & Kgomotso, P.K. (2007) The challenges of supplying water to small, scattered communities in the Lower Okavango Basin (LOB), Ngamiland, Botswana: An evaluation of government policy and performance, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Vol. 32, pp. 1264–1274 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1474-7065
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/501
dc.description.abstract Supplying adequate water and sanitation facilities to small, scattered rural communities and/or large, fast growing settlements in remote areas is a challenge not easily met anywhere in the world. This article focuses on just such a challenge in the remote, rural area of Ngamiland District in north-western Botswana. Drawing on a combination of critical analysis of government and secondary data, participant observation, and key stakeholder interviews conducted over the period 2004–2006, the article shows that despite a good aggregate record of supplying water and sanitation throughout the country, there are abiding, often serious, problems with supply in remote areas. The research reveals that due to a combination of limited human and financial resource capacity, government policy that deliberately under-serves remote areas in order to encourage resettlement, and complacence among key decision-takers, supply problems go unresolved. The article suggests four key interventions as possible ways forward: using the Okavango Delta Management Plan (ODMP) process as a guiding framework for institutional reform; linking research directly to human resource capacity development; treating water as both a social and an economic good; and soliciting an IWRM ‘champion’ to drive the political process. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier, www.elsevier.com/locate/pce en_US
dc.subject Access en_US
dc.subject Potable water en_US
dc.subject Rural water supply en_US
dc.subject Institutions en_US
dc.subject Botswana en_US
dc.subject Ngamiland en_US
dc.title The challenges of supplying water to small, scattered communities in the Lower Okavango Basin (LOB), Ngamiland, Botswana: An evaluation of government policy and performance en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US


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