Show simple item record Mbaiwa, J. E. Ngwenya, B.N. Kgathi, D.L. 2010-03-22T12:15:58Z 2010-03-22T12:15:58Z 2008
dc.identifier.citation Mbaiwa,J.E. et al (2008) Contending with unequal and privileged access to natural resources and land in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Vol. 29, pp. 155-172 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0129 7619
dc.description.abstract This paper reviews how state policy and regulatory instruments, including protected area alienations and concessions, have altered or denied the access to land and natural livelihood resources of the indigenous Basarwa and minority subsistence-oriented communities in the Okavango Delta (OD) in Botswana. Drawing on field research and guided by a sustainable rural livelihoods framework, the paper provides an overview of key institutional interventions – in particular the setting up of the Moremi Game Reserve, Wildlife Conservation Policy, Tourism Policy, Agricultural Development Policy and the erection of veterinary fences – that have served to privilege a foreign-owned and dominated commercialized wildlife and nature tourism sector and the export-oriented beef industry in the OD. The officially sanctioned barriers to customary and usufructory rights and access, and the non-recognition of historically embedded traditional land uses have decimated already marginalized resource-based subsistence livelihoods, and precipitated intergroup conflicts over preferential rights and access to resources and opportunities, notably wildlife, non-timber veld products, agriculture and community-based tourism schemes. Such outcomes, moreover, will have consequences for the longer-term sustainability of the OD both as a socioeconomic resource base and as a natural ecosystem. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Blackwell en_US
dc.subject Access to natural resources en_US
dc.subject Policies en_US
dc.subject Indigenous peoples en_US
dc.subject Subsistence livelihood en_US
dc.subject Wildlife en_US
dc.subject Botswana en_US
dc.title Contending with unequal and privileged access to natural resources and land in the Okavango Delta, Botswana en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US

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