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dc.contributor.author Mbaiwa, J.E.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-02-08T10:08:10Z
dc.date.available 2010-02-08T10:08:10Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Mbaiwa, J.E. (2005) Enclave tourism and its socio-economic impacts in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, Tourism Journal, Vol. 26, pp.157-172. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0261 5177
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/429
dc.description.abstract This paper draws on the dependency paradigm to explain the development of enclave tourism and its socio-economic impacts in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Using both primary and secondary data source, the study indicates that international tourists, foreign safari companies and investors dominate the tourism industry in the Okavango Delta. The foreign domination and ownership of tourism facilities has led to the repatriation of tourism revenue, domination of management positions by expatriates, lower salaries for citizen workers, and a general failure by tourism to significantly contribute to rural poverty alleviation in the Okavango region. Tourism as a result has a minimal economic impact on rural development mainly because it has weak linkages with the domestic economy, particularly agriculture. Because of its nature, tourism in the Okavango Delta cannot be described as being sustainable from a socio-economic perspective. In order to address problems of enclave tourism development and promote more inclusive and beneficial tourism development in the Okavango, there is need to adopt policies and strategies that will ensure that substantial amounts of tourism revenue are retained in the Okavango and Botswana. These strategies should also ensure that tourism development in the Okavango Delta has strong linkages with the rest of the economy in Botswana. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier http://www.doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2003.11.005 en_US
dc.subject Okavango Delta en_US
dc.subject Enclave tourism en_US
dc.subject Dependency paradigm en_US
dc.subject Sustainable development en_US
dc.subject Poverty en_US
dc.subject International and domestic tourism en_US
dc.title Enclave tourism and its socio-economic impacts in the Okavango Delta, Botswana en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US


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