Show simple item record Meck, M. Atlhopheng, J. Masamba, W.R.L. 2009-12-04T08:55:04Z 2009-12-04T08:55:04Z 2009
dc.identifier.citation Meck M. et al (2009) Current impact of mining alkaline rocks on Save River water quality in Zimbabwe, Journal of African Earth Sciences, vol. 55, pp. 58 - 62 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1464-343x
dc.description.abstract Alkaline rocks (phosphate deposits in particular) of igneous origin are currently being mined in Zimbabwe. Exploitation of these deposits, which are associated with metals and non-metals, provides a potential for changing the river water quality in the surrounding areas by increasing metal and phosphates levels in the water, thereby endangering the beneficial use of the river. The aim and objectives of this paper are to enumerate the current impacts associated with mining alkaline rocks on Save River water quality in Zimbabwe using the Dorowa mine as a case study. Though there are several impacts associated with the mining of alkaline rocks, this paper deals only with impacts on water quality. A preliminary assessment of the water quality in the Save River downstream of the Dorowa phosphate mine showed an increase in conductivity, iron content, manganese content, nitrates and hardness when compared to those taken before mining activity began. However, there was no notable increase in phosphate and metals except for Fe and Mn. A plausible explanation for the low phosphate values in the water is that the phosphates are precipitating and settling as sediments. Phosphate is known to effectively remove metals from the surface water through the formation of metal–phosphate minerals. Thus, various pollutants may be adsorbed into sediments accumulated on the bottom of the river. These sediments may accumulate pollutants over long periods and act as new pollutant sources to the overlying water when phosphate desorbs from sediments due to changes in water conditions. Therefore, the sediments can act as a source of water pollution in the future en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Phosphate mining en_US
dc.subject Alkaline rocks en_US
dc.subject River water quality en_US
dc.title Current impact of mining alkaline rocks on Save River water quality in Zimbabwe en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US

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