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dc.contributor.author Toteng, E.N.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-08T13:52:24Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-08T13:52:24Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.citation Toteng, E.N. (2001) Urban environmental management in Botswana:toward a theoretical explanation of public policy failure,Environmental management, vol 28, no.1, pp.19-30 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0364152X
dc.identifier.issn 14321009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/365
dc.description.abstract For the last three and half decades, Botswana has been widely acclaimed to be one of sub-Saharan Africa's longest and most stable liberal democracies, coupled with and sustained by a growing economy. One of the major contradictions, however, within this development scenario, has been the neglect of environmental problems in the country in general, and urban environmental issues in particular. Part of the problem fueling the misconception of environmental issues in Botswana is the state's domination of the country's environmental agenda. This is linked to the power disjunction in decision-making and policy processes between state and nonstate actors over the most appropriate course of action to tackle the problems. Without adopting appropriate analytical frameworks, it is possible that the problem of urban environmental mismanagement in Botswana will persist. This article examines some of the major urban environmental issues in Botswana from neighborhood, citywide, and urban–rural interface perspectives. Further, the elite theory of public policy is used to explain constraints on policy change in the urban environmental management arena in Botswana en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer http://www.springerlink.com/index/05CM7XY4DJGUEUQL.pdf en_US
dc.subject Urban environmental management en_US
dc.subject Environmental policy en_US
dc.subject Decision-making en_US
dc.subject Power en_US
dc.subject Bureaucratic and administrative centralism en_US
dc.subject Elite theory en_US
dc.title Urban environmental management in Botswana:towards a theoretical explanation of public policy failure en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US


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