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dc.contributor.author Temtime, Z.T.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-04T10:39:43Z
dc.date.available 2008-08-04T10:39:43Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.citation Temtime, Z.T. (2001) Environmental Scanning Behavior of Small and Medium Firms in Developing Economies: Evidence from Botswana, Pakistan Journal of Applied Sciences en
dc.identifier.issn 1812-5662 (Online-Open Access)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/187
dc.description.abstract Although environmental scanning is a key concept in management research, its application and importance, particularly in developing African countries, is not well investigated. Scanning the company's external environment for the purpose of exploiting opportunities and minimizing threats in a precondition for the survival and success of firms in the developed economies. Does this precondition also apply to African developing countries like Botswana? Are firms in Botswana formulating their strategies for the attainment of organizational goals without scanning their environment? If not, what are their scanning behaviours? Data were collected from a randomly selected sample of 44 firms in Botswana. Findings indicated that companies in Botswana do scan their environment and use the information in major managerial decision-making processes, particularly in strategy formation. Though more importance is attached to the customer / market, competition and economic sectors, corporate leaders in Botswana tend to rely more on impersonal and internal sources as opposed to personal and external sources to analyse an increasingly uncertain sector, This scanning practice calls for the attention of researchers in strategic management in developing countries. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Science Publications / ANSI Journals; http://www.ansijournals.com/3/c4p.php?id=1&theme=3&jid=jas en
dc.subject Scanning en
dc.subject Scanning sources en
dc.subject Scanning frequency en
dc.subject Strategic planning en
dc.subject Small and medium enterprises en
dc.subject Environmental sectors en
dc.title Environmental Scanning Behavior of Small and Medium Firms in Developing Economies: Evidence from Botswana en
dc.type Article en


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