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dc.contributor.author Youngman, F.
dc.contributor.author Maruatona, T.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-08T08:31:34Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-08T08:31:34Z
dc.date.issued 1998-07
dc.identifier.citation Youngman, F. & Maruatona, T. (1998) A departure from the past? Extension workers and participatory rural development: the case of Botswana, International Journal of Lifelong Education, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 236-246 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0260-1370
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/1043
dc.description.abstract This article addresses the question of whether extension workers can change their attitudes and practices in order to promote participatory rural development by considering the case of Botswana. It discusses the emergent participatory extension paradigm which uses techniques such as participatory rural appraisal (PRA). It describes the new community-based strategy for rural development in Botswana which includes the expectation that the extension services can be reorientated to facilitate increased community participation. Evidence is presented from research in 1995-96 which evaluated a pilot project involving PRAs undertaken by extension workers in four districts. The project sought to find out systematically whether PRA could enhance the ability of the extension services to undertake participatory rural development. The findings suggest that extension workers can develop through training the attitudinal predisposition necessary for adopting a more participatory approach to extension practice. However, there are institutional and contextual constraints which present obstacles to implementing participatory rural development. It is therefore not certain that the proposal to expand the use of PRA on a national scale will lead to the anticipated reorientation of the extension services. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis, http://www.informaworld.com en_US
dc.subject Rural development en_US
dc.subject Botswana en_US
dc.subject Extention workers en_US
dc.title A departure from the past? Extension workers and participatory rural development: the case of Botswana en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US
dc.link http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0260137980170403 en_US


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