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dc.contributor.author Nedović-Budić, Z.
dc.contributor.author Knaap, G.
dc.contributor.author Budhathoki, R.N.
dc.contributor.author Cavrić, B.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-27T09:46:19Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-27T09:46:19Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Nedović-Budić, Z. et al. (2009) NSDI Building Blocks: Regional GIS in the United States, Journal of the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 5 - 23 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1045-8077
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10311/1022
dc.description.abstract This paper presents an assessment of the regional capacity in implementing geographic information systems (GIS) and databases. We draw on a Web survey to determine the availability and assembly of spatial data at the metropolitan level in the United States. Information was sought from 388 planning organizations and regional agencies located in 349 metropolitan areas. Based on 116 responses (30 percent response rate), we generate descriptive statistics and run a regression model addressing the following aspects of the regional GIS capacity: data (contents, update, and assembly); technology (compatibility of software and data formats, data access, and the use of standards); people (staff, leadership commitment and support, regional communication and cooperation); policy (data sharing, funding, rules and responsibilities, and mandates/programs); and context (urban and regional issues and affluence). Although the survey reveals only a snapshot of a dynamic and evolving phenomenon, the results indicate that the status of metropolitan GIS in the United States may not be matching what is technically feasible. While the capacity is getting better over time, the process is relatively slow and the challenges of creating the base for building the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) are persistent. Future research and practice should place more emphasis on the relationship between the NSDI and its installed base. Nurturing of networks and compatibilities among organizational entities at various levels, local and regional in particular, should be given priority in devising policies and programs for a useful and sustainable spatial data infrastructure. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Urban and Regional Information Systems Association, http://www.urisa.org/ en_US
dc.subject Geographic information systems en_US
dc.subject GIS en_US
dc.subject Databases en_US
dc.subject Spatial data en_US
dc.subject Regional GIS capacity en_US
dc.subject United States en_US
dc.title NSDI building blocks: regional GIS in the United States en_US
dc.type Published Article en_US


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